|12/16/2008 - Indianapolis, Ind.
As states cut their budgets and students and families bear more of the cost of a college education, Lumina Foundation for Education today announced that Mississippi has been selected as one of 11 states to receive a grant to further increase productivity in higher education. State leaders will develop and implement policy changes that promote cost-saving methods of delivering high-quality education to greater numbers of students.
Mississippi and the 10 other participating states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Indiana, Maryland, Montana, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin) will receive a one-year grant of $150,000 through the foundation's Making Opportunity Affordable (MOA) initiative to develop innovative strategies in key policy areas to promote sustainable improvements in productivity. The states will be eligible to compete next year for a $2 million Opportunity Grant to implement their plans over four years.
The $45.5 million initiative seeks to advance policy innovation and change in higher education finance, management and instructional delivery to get many more students into and through postsecondary education.
Mississippi will use the MOA Learning Year to enhance and leverage existing efforts to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of academic programs by advancing a system-wide redesign of developmental education courses. Building upon its Course Redesign Initiative with the National Center for Academic Transformation (NCAT), Mississippi will engage in a multifaceted effort designed to align resources to improve college graduation rates. This effort will include building institutional and public support as well as the identification of effective incentives to improve student learning using information technology.
"The Lumina Foundation's Making Opportunity Affordable grant provides an opportunity and resources to address the issues of affordability and productivity in Mississippi's public colleges and universities," Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said.
"The Mississippi Board of Trustees of State Institutions of Higher Learning is committed to increasing the quantity of baccalaureate degree holders in the state, as the Board believes higher education is the key to Mississippi's successful future," said Interim Commissioner of Higher Education Dr. Aubrey K. Lucas. "We are fortunate to partner with Lumina Foundation in this worthwhile endeavor."
The Foundation believes that systems and institutions that show a willingness to increase productivity are more likely to receive the additional investments of public money that will be needed for the United States to maintain an internationally competitive workforce and economy and to preserve the benefits of American society.
The United States spends about twice as much as the average industrialized country per student on higher education, not including research spending, and it is graduating students at a higher cost than other nations. The United States is now tied for 10th internationally in the percentage of adults 25 to 34 who hold college degrees. The United States now ranks 15th among nations in the proportion of college students who start work toward degrees and actually complete them, leaving many students with piles of student loan debt and nothing to show. Meanwhile, the cost of attending college has risen more rapidly than household incomes, and the availability of financial aid has not kept up with tuition increases.
"We need to take a harder look at how public colleges are prioritizing and managing their resources. Current spending patterns are not sustainable in the face of rapid demographic shifts, rising costs on campuses, and increased competition for state budget dollars," said Jamie Merisotis, president of Lumina Foundation. "We must find ways of increasing productivity on our nation's campuses to raise U.S. degree-attainment rates, which have remained stagnant in recent decades. And we need to explore and invest in new models for delivering a college education, especially if these models can help the United States graduate more students who face financial and academic challenges."
State Strategies for Productivity Enhancement and Innovation
During the initiative's 2008-09 national "Learning Year," governors, legislators and leaders of colleges and universities will refine and develop strategies to increase productivity and explore policy changes and innovations in three areas:
- Recasting state finance systems to reward institutions for graduating students, not just enrolling them. In many states, public money appropriated to operate colleges and universities is based mostly on how many students have enrolled and how much was budgeted for the prior year, rather than on how many students actually complete courses and academic programs. Indiana, Ohio, Tennessee and Texas will explore innovative ways of financing college based on completion and graduation.
- Increasing the efficiency and cost effectiveness of academic programs and administrative operations. Here, states and the colleges and universities they support are mostly embracing incremental approaches. What's needed is more rapid and widespread adoption of promising cost-saving practices and a much greater willingness to scrutinize the way colleges and institutions do business. For example, California will study student academic progress and experiences, including attendance, credit accumulation patterns, and academic performance, to design and implement a variety of strategies to increase instructional productivity. Colorado will renegotiate fee-for-service contracts to include measurable productivity objectives and will accelerate efforts to re-enroll adults who have fewer than 30 credits remaining to complete work on a credential. In addition, In addition, Mississippi will enhance and leverage efforts to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of academic programs by advancing a System-wide redesign of developmental education courses. Among other efforts, Maryland and Wisconsin will work to strengthen transitions and transfers among the state's education institutions, as a means of better supporting underserved students.
- Creating or expanding new models of delivery to serve more students by targeting lower-cost institutions. Arizona will build additional and more cost-effective pathways to bachelor's degree attainment and create increased institutional diversity in the degree provision system. Montana will promote college enrollment and degree completion in a new, networked consortium of technical and community colleges that is convenient for students who live far away from college campuses.
States receiving the initial, $150,000 grants will be eligible to apply for the larger grants next year. In the fall of 2009, Lumina will award grants of $2 million each to as many as five states whose plans hold the greatest promise to bolster higher education productivity.
The nation's economic crisis will make the Foundation's effort more challenging and potentially more beneficial to states, which are bracing for some of the most severe cuts in general fund spending in three decades.
There are no budget surpluses available to help boost participation and degree-completion rates in higher education. "If the challenges of prior economic slowdowns have taught us anything, it's that the absence of new money can make possible change that wouldn't otherwise be possible," said Merisotis, Lumina's president.
Lumina Foundation for Education, an Indianapolis-based private foundation, strives to help people achieve their potential by expanding access to and success in education beyond high school. Through grants for research, innovation, communication and evaluation, as well as policy education and leadership development, Lumina Foundation addresses issues that affect access and educational attainment among all students, particularly underserved student groups such as minorities, first-generation college-goers, students from low-income families and working adults. The Foundation bases its mission on the belief that postsecondary education remains one of the most beneficial investments that individuals can make in themselves and that a society can make in its people.
Under the leadership of the Board of Trustees, IHL governs the public universities in Mississippi, including Alcorn State University; Delta State University; Jackson State University; Mississippi State University including the Mississippi State University Division of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine; Mississippi University for Women; Mississippi Valley State University; the University of Mississippi including the University of Mississippi Medical Center; and the University of Southern Mississippi.